What Are the Different Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases in which body doesn’t produce enough or any insulin which doesn’t properly use the insulin produced or exhibits a combination of both. When any of these things happens in your body is unable to get sugar from blood into cells which leads to high blood sugar levels.

Glucose in the form of sugar found in your blood is one of the main energy sources. A lack of insulin or resistance of insulin causes sugar to build up your blood. This can lead to many health problems.

There are three type of diabetes are:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes

What causes diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is believed to be autoimmune condition. This means your immune attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. The damage is permanent.

What prompts attack isn’t clear. There may be both environmental and genetic reasons. Lifestyle factors aren’t to play a role.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes starts insulin resistance. This means your body can’t use insulin efficiently. This stimulates your pancreas to produce more insulin until can no longer keep up with demand. Insulin production decreases which leads to high blood sugar.

Main cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. Contributing factors include:

  • genetics
  • lack of exercise
  • being overweight

There may many other health factors and environmental reasons.

Gestational diabetes

Gestinational diabetes is due to insulin blocking hormones produced during pregnancy. This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy.

What are the symptoms?

General symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Excessive thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Drowsiness or fatigue
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow healing wounds

Type 2 diabetes cause dark patches in fold of skin in neck and armpits. Type 2 diabetes often takes longer for diagnose you feel symptoms at time of diagnosis such as numbness and pain in your feet.

Type 1 diabetes develops more quickly and cause symptoms such as weight loss or any condition so called as “diabetic ketoacidiosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur when you have high blood sugars but little or no insulin on your body.

Symptoms of both types diabetes can appear at any age but type 1 occurs in children and even in adults. Type 2 occurs in people over age of 45. But younger people are increasing being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes due to sedentary lifestyles and can increase in weight.

How common is diabetes?

About 30.3 million Trusted Sources people in United States have diabetes. About 5 to 10 trusted source percent have type 1 diabetes, while 90 to 95 percent who have type 2 diabetes.

Latest figures show that about 1.5 million adults Trusted source were newly diagnosed in 2015. Another 8.1 million are thought to have prediabetes. But most people with prediabetes don’t know they have this problem.

Prediabetes happens when your blood glucose is higher than it should be, but not high enough to be diabetes.

You are more likely to develop diabetes if you have a family history of disease.

Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:

  • having a sedentary lifestyle
  • being overweight
  • having had gestational diabetes or prediabetes

What are the main complications?

Complications of diabetes develop over time. Having poorly controlled blood sugar levels increases risk of serious complications which can become life threatening. Chronic complications include.

  • vessel disease, leading to heart attack or stroke
  • eye problems, called retinopathy
  • infection or skin conditions
  • nerve damage, or neuropathy
  • kidney damage, or nephropathy
  • amputations due to neuropathy or vessel disease

Type 2 diabetes might increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, especially if your blood sugar is not well controlled.

Complications in pregnancy

High blood sugar levels at the time of pregnancy can harm mother and child and increasing the risk of:

  • high blood pressure
  • preeclampsia
  • miscarriage or stillbirth
  • birth defects

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