How are different types of diabetes treated?
Whatever type of diabetes you have and you will need to work closely with your doctor to keep it under control.
Main goal is to keep blood glucose levels within your target range. Your doctor is said to let you know what target range should be. Targets vary with type of diabetes, age, and presence of complications.
If you have gestational diabetes in your blood sugar targets to be lower than people with other types of diabetes.
Physical activities are one of the important part of diabetes management. As your doctor on how many minutes per week you should devote towards aerobic exercise. Diet is also of crucial to good control. You also need to monitor your blood pressure and cholesterol.
Treating type 1
All people who have type 1 diabetes take insulin to live because damage to pancreas is permanent. There are various types of insulin available with various times of onset, duration and peak.
Insulin is injected under skin. Your doctor is said to show on how properly to inject and rotate injection sites. You can also use insulin pump, a device worn outside your body that can be programmed to release specific dose. There are numerous continuous blood glucose monitors as well as check your sugar after 24 hours a day.
You need to monitor your blood sugar levels throughout the day. If necessary you may also need to take medication to control cholesterol, high blood pressure and many other complications.
Treating type 2
Type 2 diabetes is managed with excerise and diet and can also be treated with various medications to control blood sugar. First line medications is metformin(Glumetza, Glucophage, Fortamet, Riomet). Drug helps your doctor use insulin more effectively. Metformin doesn’t work, your doctor can add other medications or try something different.
You will need to monitor your blood sugar levels. You may also need medications to control blood pressure and cholesterol.
There are no known prevention for type 1 diabetes.
You can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes if you:
- control your weight and manage your diet
- exercise regularly
- avoid smoking, high triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol levels
If you had gestational diabetes or have prediabetes, these habits will delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.